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Macrophotography

12 March 2019

Macrophotography

Macrophotography can be used in many contexts to photograph small things. Most often, the example chosen is insects, but macro photography is also very useful to highlight the details of a gastronomic preparation or the technical specificities of a watch in watchmaking, to cite just two examples.

What is macrophotography ?

Macrophotography is the common term for photomacrography. Photomacrography is the set of photographic techniques used to photograph small subjects, whose magnification ratio will be between y-=1 (or 1:1) and y=10 (or 10:1). Macrophotography is between proxiphotography, whose magnification ratio is less than 1, and photomicrography, whose magnification ratio is greater than 10.

 

However, there are two different acceptances for this term: a scientific and technical acceptance and a historical and commercial acceptance.

From a scientific and technical point of view, macrophotography is a photograph whose subject size on the sensor image is larger than its actual size. Attention is focused on the image formed on the camera’s sensor.

 

This is contrasted with the historical and commercial meaning of macrophotography, according to which a macrophotography is a photograph or the size of the subject on the paper print or on a screen is larger than its actual size. The focus here is on the actual observed image.

To take beautiful macrophotographs, it is necessary to follow some advice and to have adapted equipment. There are many things to take into account and practice allows you to acquire them, but here are some points of attention:

  • Choose the right magnification ratio: in order to take macrographic photos, you must choose a magnification ratio between 1:1 and 10:1.
  • Adjust the light and exposure of the subject carefully
  • Pay particular attention to framing, composition and background: just because you photograph a detail, for example, does not mean you can place it anywhere, or ignore the background. The background or composition of the photo should not distract attention from the main subject.
  • Take care of the focus
  • Pay attention to stability when shooting

It is also necessary to have adapted equipment to take pretty macrophotographs. For example, you can use a windshield, extension ring, bellows or macro lens. A close-up lens is an additional converging lens added to a photographic lens. An extension ring is an accessory without a contact lens that will either increase the pulling force or move the optics away from the sensor. A bellows is an accessory used to change the distance between the sensor and the lens. Finally, a macro lens is a lens specially designed for macro photography, used to photograph small subjects at close range. Now it is up to you to choose the option that suits you.

If you want to know more or if you want to make a macro shooting to highlight your products, do not hesitate to contact us.